Brazil: Production and Planting Projections

Ernie NeffInternational

The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) recently reported on the citrus industry in Brazil, including updates on orange production, yield, area planted and tree inventory.

The orange crop for Brazil’s marketing year 2022-23 is forecast at 405 million 40.8-kg boxes (MBx), equal to 16.52 million metric tons, an increase of 12% relative to the current season. The forecast assumes normal weather conditions will prevail to support fruit setting and development of the second blossoming in the São Paulo and Minas Gerais commercial citrus belt.


The commercial area in the state of São Paulo and the western part of Minas Gerais should account for 305 MBx in 2022-23, an increase of 16% relative to the December 2021 revised forecast for the 2021-22 season, which was 264 MBx. Continued rainfall as of October 2021 triggered a steady second blossoming in the majority of the citrus areas during October and November. Production from other states is projected at 100 MBx, similar to 2021-22 (96.6 MBx).

The revised estimate for the total Brazilian orange crop for 2021-22 is 360.6 MBx.

The yield for the crop is forecast at 1.88 boxes/tree, an increase of 14% compared to the current crop (1.65 boxes/tree), assuming normal weather conditions.

Total tree inventory for Brazil’s 2022-23 season is forecast at 215 million trees, a 3.6 million tree drop from the the current season, due to increased greening infection in the groves. The orange planted area is projected at 574,000 hectares. São Paulo is the only state that compiles data on trees planted and tree inventory.

According to the June 2021 crop survey released by the São Paulo State Institute of Agricultural Economics, the state of São Paulo has 174.55 million orange trees (19.64 million non-bearing trees and 154.91 million bearing trees). FAS estimates stable area and tree population for other producing states based on the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics.


See the full FAS report on Brazil.

Source: The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Foreign Agricultural Service

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