Türkiye Orange and OJ Production to Climb

Daniel CooperCrop Forecast, International

Image by davizro/DepositPhotos

Türkiye is expected to produce substantially more oranges and orange juice (OJ) in 2023–24 than in the prior season, the U.S. Department of Agriculture Foreign Agricultural Service (USDA FAS) reported recently.


The orange yield is forecast to increase 31% to 1.73 million metric tons due to favorable weather conditions in spring 2023, USDA FAS stated in a semi-annual report.

The Washington and Yapha varieties, which account for 70% of total orange production, are the main drivers behind the overall yield increase. The yield per tree has increased 71% in the Yapha variety and 38% in the Washington variety. The yield increase is mostly going to be seen in the Aegean region.

The Mediterranean fruit fly remains a major concern, causing quality and quantity losses. To combat the pest, the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry distributes pheromone traps for fruit flies to farmers free of charge through provincial offices and member associations.

Orange exports in 2023–24 are expected to increase 39.7% from the previous season to 246,000 metric tons (MT).

USDA FAS revised its forecast of Turkish orange imports in 2023–24 to 2,000 MT from 30,000 MT. That large import reduction is due to a surplus of domestic production and restriction of imports from Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC). The restriction on imports from TRNC came as a result of greening disease in TRNC orchards.


OJ production is forecast at 12,100 MT in 2023–24 due to increasing numbers of oranges sent to processing. Türkiye produced 9,240 MT of orange juice in 2022–23.

OJ exports are forecast at 5,000 MT for 2023–24 due to expected demand increases from importing countries in concert with China’s decrease in production. Türkiye exported 4,078 MT of OJ in 2022–23, mainly to Germany, Italy and the Netherlands.

OJ imports in 2023–24 are estimated to decrease to 1,800 MT due to stable demand from the domestic market. Türkiye imported 2,018 MT of OJ in 2022–23, mostly from Cyprus and Brazil.

See the full USDA FAS semi-annual report on Turkish citrus here.

Source: USDA FAS

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