Less Global Orange Production

Josh McGillCrop Forecast, International

Global orange production for 2022-23 is estimated by the U.S. Department of Agriculture Foreign Agricultural Service (USDA FAS) at 47.8 million metric tons (MMT), 5% less than the prior year. Lower production in the European Union, Turkey and the United States is only partially offset by a larger crop in Egypt.

U.S. production is estimated to drop by over a quarter to 2.3 MMT, the lowest level in more than 56 years. Yields continue to decline in Florida due to fruit drop caused by HLB, reduced area harvested and high winds from hurricanes. California is estimated to produce more than twice as many oranges as Florida in 2022–23.

Brazil production is forecast down 179,000 metric tons (MT) to 16.8 MMT as a result of an off year and thus lower fruit load per tree. However, assuming there is also a reduced early fruit drop rate due to favorable weather, there should be increased average weight of oranges harvested. Brazil is expected to account for more than a third of all global production. 

China production is projected up slightly to a record 7.6 MMT due to more area harvested.

European Union production is expected to decline 13% to 5.9 MMT due to dry and unusually warm summer conditions in Spain and Italy.

Mexico production is estimated to drop 395,000 tons to 4.2 MMT due to prolonged drought in the northeastern area that most severely affected the states of Tamaulipas and Nuevo Leon.

Egypt production is estimated to rise 600,000 tons to tie a record 3.6 MMT due to increased area harvested and favorable weather during flowering, which favored fruit set.

South Africa production is estimated up slightly to a record 1.6 MMT as a result of favorable weather and slightly higher area harvested.

Turkey production is estimated to fall 430,000 tons to 1.3 MMT as a freeze affected the bloom.

Morocco production is estimated to fall 367,000 tons to 783,000 tons due to reduced area harvested and lower yields caused by unfavorable weather during the growing season and water shortages.

Chile production is estimated to rise 10,000 tons to 174,000 tons on expected favorable weather after last year’s frost and slightly higher harvested area.

See the full USDA FAS report on world citrus production in 2022–23.

Source: USDA FAS

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