mandarin production

Forecast for Peru’s Mandarin Production

Daniel CooperCrop Forecast, International, Mandarins

mandarin production
Mandarin production sites in the coastal area of Lima, Peru
(Source: Foreign Agricultural Service Lima)

Tangerine/mandarin production in Peru is forecast to reach 545,000 metric tons (MT) in 2023–24, down 1% from the previous year, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Foreign Agricultural Service (USDA FAS) reported.

Weather anomalies associated with the El Niño phenomenon will likely impact the coming year’s productivity, especially among early-season varieties.


Tangerine/mandarin planted and harvested area in Peru is forecast to remain steady at 23,000 hectares in 2023–24. Tangerine production area is estimated at 4,500 hectares; mandarins and other hybrids account for 18,500 hectares.

Tangerine/mandarin operations are established in 13 regions. Coastal areas account for 60% of total mandarin/tangerine production and focus on exports. Production is centered in Lima, Junin and Ica. There is also some production in Ucayali, Puno, Loreto and La Libertad for domestic markets.


Peru has more than 3,000 citrus producers who have an average of 3 hectares. Practically all of their production stays in the domestic market.

The country’s tangerine/mandarin export production is predominantly done on industrial-scale farms of 50 hectares or more. They use state-of-the-art drip irrigation systems that provide the precise amount of water and nutrients to maximize production.


Peruvian tangerine/mandarin exports are expected to remain steady in 2023–24 at 200,000 MT. Hybrids typically represent 78% of total exports by volume.

Between January and November of 2023, Peru exported fresh mandarins/tangerines primarily to the United States (46%), Netherlands (13%) and United Kingdom (10%).

Exports to the United States in 2023–2024 are expected to increase to 100,000 MT. Exports to the United States have grown consistently in the last few years. However, in 2022–2023, exports to the United States declined 34% from 138,000 MT the prior season to 91,000 MT.

See the full USDA FAS report on Peruvian citrus here.

Source: USDA FAS

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